Anton Giulio Bragaglia (11 February 1890 â" 15 July 1960) was a pioneer in Italian Futurist photography and Futurist cinema. A versatile and intellectual artist with wide interests, he wrote about film, theatre, and dance.
Bragaglia was born in Frosinone, Lazio. In 1906 he went to work as an assistant director of a Roman movie studio managed by his father Francesco. He gained a great deal of technical and artistic experience there, learning from directors Mario Caserini and Enrico Guazzoni.
In 1911 he published the treatise Fotodinamismo and began lecturing on the concept. In the same year he became the chief editor of the art and theater newspaper "L'Artista". He published two Futurist manifestos, Fotodinamica Futurista (1912) and Manifesto of Futurist Cinema (1916). In 1916 he founded the avant garde magazine Cronache di AttualitÃ , which examined politics, music, theater and art from a Futurist standpoint. In the same year he founded the film studio "Novissima-Film", and produced some visionary Futurist films including Thais, Perfido incanto, and Il mio cadavere.
In 1918 he opened an art gallery, the "Casa d'Arte Bragaglia", which became a nexus of avant garde artists and exhibitions. It displayed the work of such modernists as Balla, Depero, De Chirico, Boccioni, Klimt and Kandinsky. In 1919 he directed plays by Rosso di San Secondo and Pirandello.
From 1921 to 1924 Bragaglia published the satirical pamphlet Index Rerum Virorumque Prohibitorum ("Index of Forbidden Things and Men"). In 1922 he opened the "Teatro Sperimentale degli Indipendenti" which he directed till 1936. The same year he founded his own theater company ("Company Bragaglia Shows"), which also became a focal point for the Italian avant garde. In 1932, he was named advisor to the Corporazione dello Spettacolo (Enteratainment Guild). The Teatro closed in 1936, and from 1937 to 1943 he was director of the foundation "Teatro delle Arti".
Bragaglia described his theories on the theater in Maschera mobile (1926), Del teatro teatrale ossia del teatro' (1927), and Il segreto di Tabarrino (1933). He directed more than fifty productions. From 1926 until 1960, he also wrote a number of articles and books about art, the theater and motion pictures.
Bragaglia died in Rome on July 15, 1960.
- Thais (1917)
- Il mio cadavere (1917)
- Perfido incanto (1918)
- Un dramma nell'Olimpo (1917)
- Vele ammainate (1931)
- Goodbye Youth (1940)
- The Secret Lover (1941)
- Headlights in the Fog (1942)
- Before the Postman (1942)
- Giovanni Lista, Futurismo e fotografia, Edizioni Multhipla, Milan, 1979.
- Photographie futuriste italienne (1911-1939), exposition organisÃ©e par Giovanni Lista, MusÃ©e dâArt Moderne, 29 octobre 1981-3 janvier 1982, Paris.
- Giovanni Lista, Futurism and Photography, Merrell Publishers, Londres, 2001.
- Giovanni Lista, CinÃ©ma et photographie futuriste, Skira-Flammarion Ãditeur, Paris, 2008.
- Il Futurismo nella fotografia, exposition organisÃ©e par Giovanni Lista, Museo Nazionale Alinari della Fotografia, 17 septembre-15 novembre 2009, Florence â" Edizioni Alinari, Florence, 2009.
Notes and references
- This article comes largely from Anton Giulio Bragaglia article on the Italian Wikipedia.
- Anton Giulio Bragaglia at the Internet Movie Database