Hermann Bahr (July 19, 1863 â" January 15, 1934) was an Austrian writer, playwright, director, and critic.
Born and raised in Linz, Bahr studied in Vienna, Graz, Czernowitz and Berlin, devoting special attention to philosophy, political economy, philology and law. During a prolonged stay in Paris, he discovered his interest in literature and art. He began working as an art critic, first in Berlin, then in Vienna: In 1890 he became associate editor of Berliner Freie BÃ¼hne (âBerlin Free Stageâ), and later became associate editor and critic of the Deutsche Zeitung (âGerman Newspaperâ). In 1894 he began publication of Die Zeiti> (âThe Timesâ), and was also editor of the Neue Wiener Tagblatt (âNew Vienna Daily Flyerâ) and the Oesterreichische Volkszeitung (âAustrian Popular Newspaperâ).
From 1906-1907, he worked as a director with Max Reinhardt at the German Theater (German: Deutsches Theater) in Berlin, and starting in 1918 he was a Dramaturg with the Vienna Burgtheater.
Spokesman for the literary group Young Vienna, Bahr was an active member of the Austrian avant-garde, producing both criticism and Impressionist plays. Bahr's association with the coffeehouse literati made him one of the main targets of Karl Kraus's newspaper Die Fackel (The Torch) after Kraus's falling out with the group.
Bahr was the first critic to apply the label modernism to literary works, and was an early observer of the Expressionism movement. His theoretical papers were important in the definition of new literary categories. His 40 plays and around 10 novels never reached the quality of his theoretical work. He died, aged 70, in Munich.
- The New People (Die neuen Menschen â" 1887)
- The Mother (Die Mutter â" 1891)
- Das Tschaperl (1897)
- Der Star (1899)
- Wienerinnen (1900)
- Der Krampus (1902)
- Ringelspiel (1907)
- The Concert (Das Konzert â" 1909)
- The Children (Die Kinder â" 1911)
- Das Prinzip (1912)
- Der Querulant (1914)
- The Master (Der Meister â" 1914)
Short stories and novellas
- The School of Love (Die gute Schule. SeelenstÃ¤nde â" 1890)
- Fin de siÃ¨cle (1891)
- Die Rahl (1908)
- O Mensch (1910)
- Ãsterreich in Ewigkeit (1929)
- Zur Kritik der Moderne (1890)
- Die Ãberwindung des Naturalismus (1891)
- Symbolisten (1894)
- Wiener Theater (1899)
- Frauenrecht (1912) eLibrary Austria Project (elib austria full text)
- Inventur (1912)
- Expressionismus (1916)
- Burgtheater (1920)
- Theater (1897)
- Drut (1909)
- Himmelfahrt (1916)
- Die Rotte Korahs (1919)
- Self-Portrait (Selbstbildnis â" 1923), an autobiography
- Hermann Bahr on the eLibrary Austria Project (Information and eLib Austria full txts)
- Bibliography of his books as well as (English) translations, articles to download and literature
- Research group at the Leuphana University LÃ¼neburg currently assembling and publishing Bahr's critical writings, essays, and articles
- Â This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain:Â "Bahr, Hermann". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.Â