Eduard Friedrich MÃ¶rike (8 September 1804 â" 4 June 1875) was a German Romantic poet.
MÃ¶rike was born in Ludwigsburg. His father was Karl Friedrich MÃ¶rike (d. 1817), a district medical councilor; his mother was Charlotte Bayer. He attended the Latin school at Ludwigsburg, and the seminary at Urach (1818) where he made the acquaintance of Wilhelm Hartlaub and Wilhelm Waiblinger. He then studied theology at the Seminary of TÃ¼bingen where he met Ludwig Bauer, David Friedrich Strauss and F. T. Vischer.
He followed an ecclesiastical career, becoming a Lutheran pastor. In 1834 he was appointed pastor of Cleversulzbach near Weinsberg, and, after his early retirement for reasons of health, in 1851 became professor of German literature at the Katharinenstift in Stuttgart. This office he held until his retirement in 1866; but he continued to live in Stuttgart until his death. In what political and social views he espoused, he was monarchist and conservative.
MÃ¶rike was a member of the so-called Swabian school which gathered around Ludwig Uhland. His poems, Gedichte (1838; 22nd ed., 1905), are mostly lyrics, often humorous, but expressed in simple and natural language. His Lieder (songs) are traditional in form and have been compared to those of Goethe. His ballad âSchÃ¶n Rotrautâ â" opening with the line âWie heisst KÃ¶nig Ringangs TÃ¶chterlein?â â" became a popular favorite.
His first published work was the short novel Maler Nolten (âThe painter Noltenâ, 1832; 6th ed., 1901), a Bildungsroman and fantastic tale dealing with artist life which revealed his imaginative power and enjoyed great popularity. The novella Mozart auf der Reise nach Prag (âMozart on the way to Pragueâ, 1856) was a humorous examination of the problems of artists in a world uncongenial to art. It is frequently cited as his finest achievement. He also wrote a somewhat fantastic Idylle vom Bodensee, oder Fischer Martin und die Glockendiebe (1846; 2nd ed., 1856), the caprice Das Stuttgarter HutzelmÃ¤nnlein (1855), and published a collection of hymns, odes, elegies and idylls of the Greeks and Romans, entitled Klassische Blumenlese (1840). He did translations of Anacreon and Theocritus.
MÃ¶rike's Gesammelte Schriften (âCollected Writingsâ) were first published in 1878 (4 vols.). Later editions are those edited by R. Krauss (6 vols., 1905), and the Volksausgabe (âPopular editionâ), published by GÃ¶schen (4 vols., 1905). Selections from his literary remains were published by R. Krauss in Eduard MÃ¶rike als Gelegenheitsdichter (1895), and his correspondence with Hermann Kurz, Moritz von Schwind, and Theodor Storm, by J. Bachtold (1885â"1891); an edition of MÃ¶rike's AusgewÃ¤hlte Briefe (âSelected lettersâ), in 2 vols., appeared 1903-1904.
His work was greatly praised by the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein who recommended him to Bertrand Russell as
really a great poet and his poems are among the best things we have...the beauty of MÃ¶rike's work is very closely related to Goethe's.
Many of his lyrics were set to music by Hugo Wolf, Ludwig Hetsch and Fritz Kauffmann. Ignaz Lachner set to music his opera Die RegenbrÃ¼der. Many of his poems became established folksongs.
- Â This articleÂ incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain:Â Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "MÃ¶rike, Eduard Friedrich". EncyclopÃ¦dia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.Â This work in turn cites:
- F. Notter, Eduard MÃ¶rike (1875)
- H. Fischer, Eduard MÃ¶rike (1881)
- K. Fischer, E. MÃ¶rike (1901)
- H. Maync, E. MÃ¶rike (1902)
- K. Fischer, MÃ¶rikes kÃ¼nstlerisches Schaffen und dichterische SchÃ¶pfungen (1903)
- Works by Eduard MÃ¶rike at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Eduard MÃ¶rike at Internet Archive
- Works by Eduard MÃ¶rike at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Poetry of Eduard MÃ¶rike in English Translation - Charles L. Cingolani
- Eduard MÃ¶rike at Find a Grave
- Eduard MÃ¶rike at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Free scores by Eduard MÃ¶rike in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)