The Spanish Mystics are major figures in the Catholic Reformation of 16th and 17th century Spain. The goal of this movement was to reform the Church structurally and to renew it spiritually. The Spanish Mystics attempted to express in words their experience of a mystical communion with Christ.
These writers had a strong influence on the development of the Spanish Language and were said to have ushered in the "Golden Age of Spanish Literature." At the beginning of the time period, the language was viewed as coarse; by the end, the language had achieved what is called "the high baroque style of Spanish," which in certain forms (especially in formal letter-writing) continues to influence Spanish usage to the present.
In addition to being examples of Christian holiness and major Spanish literary figures, the Spanish Mystics were also real reformers in the Church. Their writings inspired a religious quest for God based on desire rather than obligation and medieval legalism, and three of them went on to found or reform religious orders that would carry on their work across continents and centuries.
Principal figures and their major writings:
- St. Teresa of Ãvila, O.C.D.
- The Interior Castle
- The Way of Perfection
- St. John of the Cross, O.C.D. (poet)
- Dark Night of the Soul
- Ascent of Mount Carmel
- St. Ignatius of Loyola, S.J.
- The Spiritual Exercises
- St. Francis de Borja, S.J.
- Luis Ponce de Leon, O.E.S.A. (poet)
- Venerable Mary of Jesus of Ãgreda, O.I.C. (writer)
- Mystical City of God
- Fernando de Herrera (poet)
- Luis Gongora y Argote (poet)
- Blessed Ramon Lull, T.O.S.F. (philosopher)